Political violence in Sudan: the need for a coordinated, locally led humanitarian health response Political violence in Sudan: the need for a coordinated, locally led humanitarian health response
Since the fall of former Sudan President Omar al-Bashir's regime in April, 2019, the political and security situation in Sudan has been in flux. The Sudanese Transitional Military Council (TMC) and opposition groups signed a 3-year power-sharing agreement on July 4, 2019. Protesters have since voiced a mix of cautious optimism and scepticism, particularly about the role of the military in the transitional period. This is because until June 30, 2019, the TMC had violently responded to peaceful mass protests organised by the Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC), an umbrella organisation of opposition groups, prominently spearheaded by multiple medical professional bodies. According to various reports, this response has led to at least 100 civilian deaths, 70 cases of rape, and attacks on medical staff and facilities. The Rapid Support Forces (RSF) implicated in recent violence are comprised of the Janjaweed militia with a documented history of human rights abuses in Darfur and elsewhere. With the TMC and its RSF still clinging to power as part of the new power-sharing agreement, even the short term in Sudan remains unpredictable.
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