Robust and Measurable Public Health Indicators for Humanitarian Emergencies according to Context
Paul Spiegel; Chiara Altare; William Weiss; Hannah Tappis; Marwa Ramadan
This project aims to develop and pilot a set of core public health indicators for humanitarian emergencies according to different contexts. The core indicators (covering health, nutrition and WASH sectors) strive to support decision makers and operational actors by providing information as to whether the humanitarian assistance provided is achieving its intended results, i.e. the health status of conflict-affected populations is improving (or not further deteriorating) and services reach the desired quality and coverage. The core indicators will therefore focus on outcomes in terms of population health status, coverage and quality of services provided (and not on operations input or output). The proposed core indicators will be context-specific and will take into account accessibility, human resources availability, feasibility of measurement, validity, and costs.
To ensure complementarity of efforts and sustainability of action, the project will build upon existing systems and processes for public health information management, both globally and in humanitarian emergencies, and will coordinate with the key actors who are currently working on developing and/or modifying these principles, systems and methods.
The core set of public health indicators will deliberately be kept to a minimal amount to ensure that they will be prioritized as well as be consistently, reliably and robustly measured. They will be disaggregated by age and sex. Since public health indicators are more easily measured in camp settings and UNHCR has developed a web-based system to report on them in refugee settings, the core set of indicators of this project will be developed for non-camp settings in humanitarian emergencies.
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