COVID-19, Maternal and Child Health, Nutrition

What Does the Science Tell Us?

This repository is compiled by the Johns Hopkins Center for Humanitarian Health and provides an overview of what peer-reviewed journal articles currently state on COVID-19, maternal and child health (including infants), and nutrition. As the pandemic is ongoing, more and more research results are published. With this service, we aim to provide the user with a snapshot of what is published with updates every week. We hope that you will learn and benefit from the articles presented here.

 

UPDATE 3 December 2020: Since our last update Thursday 19 November 2020, we have added 172 NEW publications for December (1 new), November (88 new), October (47 new), September (15 new), August (4 new), July (7 new), June (2 new), May (6 new) and April (2 new).

Individual months are located on the right-hand side, and new additions are marked in blue. To find the publication or topic of your interest, you can search in an individual month file using the Ctrl+F keys.

All publications provide emerging evidence related to COVID-19 and

  • Child health (from neonates to adolescents)
  • Maternal health (pregnant women, women of reproductive age)
  • Breastfeeding and Infant feeding
  • Nutrition (related to MCH)

In addition to several international reviews, this update provides emerging evidence from Italy, the United StatesGreece, China, Brazil, France, Finland, Ghana, Spain, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, Germany, Pakistan, India, the United KingdomTurkey, Australia, Malawi, Nepal, Uganda, Israel, Colombia, Canada, Poland, Portugal, South Korea, Denmark, Singapore, Sweden, Scotland, Iran, Belgium, and the Netherlands.

Several articles focus on child and maternal nutrition concerns during the COVID-19 pandemic. Food insecurity has been exacerbated worldwide by trade restrictions, lockdowns, and disrupted humanitarian aid. Rates of childhood hunger throughout the pandemic are expected to be especially high in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Studies from Italy and Indonesia evaluated appropriate complementary feeding practices of infants. Other studies noted reduced in-person lactation support as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Eleven new articles in this update examine current evidence regarding vertical transmission of SARS-CoV-2. Many articles warn that the absence of testing amniotic fluid, cord blood, placental tissue, and breast milk is preventing the comprehensive analysis of suspected vertical transmission cases. In the absence of placental tests, the presence of fetal IgM antibodies may provide additional clues. Another article proposes that testing maternal viral RNA load may aid in determining the risk of transmission.

Fifty-one new articles discuss COVID-19 and pregnancyIn the last month alone, several newly added publications compared rates of hospitalization and ICU admission between pregnant and non-pregnant women with COVID-19. Another article compared international obstetric guidelines for the COVID-19 pandemic with regard to their timeliness, accessibility, completeness, and consistency. One study noted differences in the efficacy of serological tests for SARS-CoV-2 between pregnant and non-pregnant women. Other topics include the relationship between serum zinc and copper levels and COVID-19 severity in pregnant women, the gastro-intestinal manifestations of COVID-19 in pregnancy, and the safe provision of assisted reproductive technology procedures and fertility treatments.

Fourteen articles were added concerning hyperinflammatory syndromes in children, such as MIS-C/PMIS and Kawasaki Disease (KD). Several articles detail the epidemiological, clinical, laboratory, and radiological characteristics and outcomes associated with MIS-C. Others compare features of MIS-C with KD and toxic shock syndrome, noting differences in age distribution. Recommendations for the initial treatment and monitoring of MIS-C also include alternate management strategies according to each health facility’s level of care and available resources. Another study reveals racial and ethnic disparities in the rates of pediatric COVID-19 and MIS-C in the United States.

This is by no means an exhaustive list! Look out for our next weekly update Thursday, 10 December 2020. Currently, we have nearly 3500 publications in the repository.

To subscribe to receive weekly updates on this repository or our special repository on COVID-19, Breastfeeding, Infant Feeding, and Breast Milk (updated every two weeks) please contact Mija Ververs at mververs@jhu.edu.


***NEW UPDATE 20 November 2020 - Specific repository only on COVID-19, Breastfeeding, Infant Feeding, and Breast Milk. 

Next update expected:  Friday 4 December 2020 (once in two weeks!)

Publications

Dec 2020
Nov 2020
Oct 2020
Sept 2020
Aug 2020
July 2020
June 2020
May 2020
April 2020
March 2020
Feb 2020


WEBINAR

Monday 6 April: 

Save the Children, UNICEF, Safely Fed Canada and Center for Humanitarian Health, John Hopkins University, with the support of the Tech RRT and the IFE Core Group, presents a webinar on Protecting, promoting and supporting IYCF during the COVID-19 pandemic: reflections and recommendations.

 Video is available here.   

Watch Webinar


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