Public Health in Humanitarian Crises Modules

Public Health in Humanitarian Crises 1

Module 1: Humanitarian Disasters and Public Health

In this module we will define what we mean by disasters, hazards, risks and vulnerabilities. We look at patterns and trends and understand the role of public health in disasters. 

1.       Video: Introduction to Public Health in Humanitarian Crisis

2.       Reading: Course Schedule Flexibility

3.       Reading: Meet Gilbert

4.       Video: Introduction to Humanitarian Disasters and Public Health

5.       Video: Introduction

6.       Video: Disaster Trends

7.       Reading: Meet Paul

8.       Video: Introduction to the Role of Public Health in Humanitarian Emergencies

9.       Video: The Role of Public Health in Humanitarian Emergencies

Module 2: Humanitarian Actors and Coordination

There are many humanitarian actors that play a role in a disaster. This module describes many of them and also looks at various coordination models that are used. 

1.       Reading: Meet Mija

2.       Video: Introduction to Humanitarian Actors and Coordination

3.       Video: Humanitarian Actors and Coordination

4.       Video: Introduction to Humanitarian Coordination

5.       Video: Humanitarian Coordination

6.       Video: Humanitarian Coordination Models

7.       Video: A Practical Example of Humanitarian Coordination

8.       Discussion Prompt: Humanitarian Crises in the News

Module 3: Water and Sanitation

This module describes the burden of, and mechanisms of, sanitation and water-related diseases in humanitarian crises. We also illustrate the various strategies and priorities that can be used to reduce outbreaks of those diseases. 

1.       Reading: Meet Les

2.       Video: Introduction to Water and Sanitation

3.       Video: Water and Sanitation

4.       Video: Sanitation Options

5.       Video: Water Supply Options

6.       Video: The Priorities

Module 4: Livelihoods and Food Security in Humanitarian Crises

Disasters affect livelihoods. This module illustrates how and what livelihoods strategies families use to cope with a crisis. We also describe what food security entails and ways to assess it. We look at various livelihoods support programs that can be used in disaster settings. 

1.       Video: Introduction to Livelihoods and Food Security

2.       Video: Livelihoods and Food Security in Humanitarian Crises

3.       Video: Food Security

4.       Video: Livelihoods Support Programming

5.       Discussion Prompt: Your Reaction

Module 5: Nutrition in Humanitarian Crises

This module looks at who is at risk to become malnourished in a disaster context and why that is the case. We will describe various types of malnutrition, the treatment and various preventative actions.  

1.       Video: Introduction to Nutrition in Humanitarian Crises

2.       Video: Nutrition in Humanitarian Crises

3.       Video: A Case Study in Malnutrition

4.       Video: Types of Malnutrition

5.       Video: Treatment and Prevention of Acute Malnutrition

6.       Discussion Prompt: Acute Malnutrition

Module 6: Management of Diseases in Humanitarian Crises

This module examines the patterns of disease in affected populations. We will understand how the changes in population characteristics as well as life styles have changed the nature of the burden of disease populations from that of predominantly communicable to a pattern of non-communicable diseases. 

1.       Video: Introduction to Management of Diseases in Humanitarian Crises

2.       Video: Management of Diseases in Humanitarian Crises

3.       Video: Managing an Outbreak of a Communicable Disease

4.       Video: Non-Communicable Disease In Disasters

Module 7: Health Care in Humanitarian Emergencies

Disasters put special strains on the provision of health services as demands increase and resources to meet these needs diminish. The six major components of health services may be each damaged in different ways, and all can require urgent attention. This is all discussed in this module. 

1.       Video: Introduction Health Care in Humanitarian Emergencies

2.       Video: Health Care in Humanitarian Emergencies

3.       Video: Parts of a Health Service

4.       Video: Introduction to Types of Health Services

5.       Video: Types of Health Services

Module 8: Shelter in a Humanitarian Setting

In this module we talk about shelter and what it means. We describe how and which shelter solutions contribute towards immediate and longer-term recovery of people affected by disasters.  

1.       Reading: Meet Martin

2.       Video: Introduction to Shelter in a Humanitarian Setting

3.       Video: Shelter in a Humanitarian Setting

4.       Video: Shelter Solutions

5.       Discussion Prompt: Finding Shelter

Module 9: Protection of Displaced Populations: Human Rights & Humanitarian Law

Many disasters cause populations to be displaced. The module on the protection of displaced populations explores the international protection of individuals in relation to public health, human rights, and international humanitarian law. 

1.       Reading: Meet Jana

2.       Video: Introduction to Protection of Displaced Populations

3.       Video: Protection of Displaced Populations: Human Rights and Humanitarian Law

4.       Video: The Displaced Populations

5.       Video: International Law

6.       Video: International Humanitarian Law (IHL)

7.       Video: Refugee Law and Refugee Protection

8.       Video: Solutions for Refugee Situations

9.       Discussion Prompt: Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons

Module 10: Emerging Risks, Challenges, and Opportunities for Future Humanitarian Emergencies

The potential for future disasters is great, and each having important public health components. New resources and new approaches will be needed to address these disasters and to help countries to recover economies and livelihoods. This module discusses the challenges and future directions in humanitarian assistance. 

1.       Video: Introduction to Emerging Risks, Challenges, and Opportunities for Future Humanitarian Emergencies

2.       Video: Changing Risk Patterns for Humanitarian Emergencies

3.       Video: Introduction to Challenges and Opportunities for Future Humanitarian Emergencies

4.       Video: Challenges and Opportunities for Future Humanitarian Emergencies

5.       Video: Future Opportunities

 

Public Health in Humanitarian Crises 2

Module 1. Disease Outbreak Management

This module describes features and strategies to detect disease outbreaks and the key aspects of an effective outbreak response.

6 videos:

  1. Introduction to Disease Outbreak Management

  2. Disease Outbreaks: Key Concepts

  3. Outbreak Detection and Rapid Response Strategies

  4. Incident Management Principles

  5. Outbreak Response Monitoring for Decision Making

Module 2. Maternal Newborn Health

Maternal and newborn health care is an essential component of humanitarian health response. This module explains why and lists the key interventions at different phases of an emergency.

4 videos:

  1. Introduction to Maternal and Newborn Health

  2. Maternal and Newborn Health Risks

  3. Maternal and Newborn Health Services

  4. Maternal and Newborn Health Services in Humanitarian Settings

Module 3. Disease Epidemiology and Surveillance

This module explains the importance and use of surveys and surveillance in humanitarian crises and uses many practical examples to illustrate the concepts.

6 videos:

  1. Introduction to Disaster Epidemiology and Surveillance: The Role of Data During Complex Emergencies1m

  2. Disaster Epidemiology and Surveillance

  3. Surveys vs. Surveillance (There’s so Much Good about Surveillance!)

  4. Surveys vs. Surveillance (But There Are Downsides of Surveillance)

  5. Typhoid in Dushambe: An Example of a Crisis Where Different Data Methods Filled Different Needs

  6. Volcanic Eruption —Goma, 2002: An Example of a Crisis Where Different Data Methods Filled Different Needs

Module 4. Humanitarian Principles

This module describes the core humanitarian principles, their origin and explains how ethics can guide humanitarian decision-making.

6 videos:

  1. Introduction to Humanitarian Principles

  2. Introduction to the Principles

  3. The Basic Ethical Principles

  4. Humanitarian Dilemmas—Or Are They Just Hard Choices?

  5. Where the Humanitarian Problems Commonly Are

  6. Help in Making Ethical Decisions

Module 5. International Health Regulations and Global Health Security

Disease outbreaks and other public health emergencies continue to increase in frequency and severity. This module describes the basic concepts of the International Health Regulations and the Global Health Security Agenda. It provides understanding when an emergency is a so-called  Public Health Emergency of International Concern.

4 videos:

  1. Introduction to International Health Regulations and the Global Health Security Agenda

  2. Potential Public Health Emergency of International Concern

  3. Implementing International Health Regulations

  4. Global Health Security

Module 6. Humanitarian Development Nexus

In this module, the humanitarian-development nexus is explained together with the challenges of providing emergency assistance while taking into account the longer-term development needs of the host population and government.

5 videos:

  1. Introduction Humanitarian and Development Nexus

  2. What Is the Humanitarian-Development Nexus (HDN)

  3. A Development Approach to Humanitarian Emergencies

  4. The Humanitarian-Development Nexus in Practice

  5. Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF)

Module 7. Infant Feeding in Humanitarian Emergencies

This module illustrates why infant feeding matters in a disaster setting, what to do and how to identify the warning signs for potential problems on infant feeding in a disaster.

10 videos:

  1. Introduction to Infant Feeding in Humanitarian Crises

  2. Why Does Infant Feeding Matter in a Disaster Setting?

  3. What Are the Recommendations on Infant Feeding?

  4. Why Is Safe and Appropriate Infant Feeding so Important?

  5. How Do Breastfeeding Practices Differ Across the World?

  6. What Are the Warning Signs for Potential Problems on Infant Feeding in a Disaster?

  7. How to Handle Infant Feeding in a Disaster

  8. When Would You Need to Provide Breast-Milk Substitutes (Infant Formula)?

  9. Barriers and Challenges around Infant Feeding in Emergencies5m

  10. Operational Guidance on Infant Feeding in Emergencies for Responders and Policy Makers

Module 8. Humanitarian Project Design

Planning is necessary for humanitarian emergencies. This module illustrates in practical terms the planning cycle and how this is used in humanitarian emergencies.

5 videos:

  1. Introduction to Humanitarian Project Design

  2. The Planning Cycle

  3. The Planning Cycle Starts with the Assessment

  4. The Project Design

  5. Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning

Module 9. Sexual and Reproductive Health

In each crisis affected populations still have sexual and reproductive health needs. This module describes the essential sexual and reproductive health services at different phases of an emergency.

6 videos:

  1. Introduction to Reproductive Health and Rights in Humanitarian Settings

  2. Contraception, Family Planning, and Birth Spacing

  3. Maternal and Newborn Health

  4. Abortion

  5. Gender-Based Violence

  6. Addressing Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in Different Phases of Emergency Response

Module 10. Mental Health and Psychosocial Care

Psychosocial and mental health problems are commonly experienced by disaster-affected populations. This module identifies strategies for the identification of psychosocial and mental health problems in displaced populations and provides information on what can be done in the field.

4 videos:

  1. Introduction to Mental Health and Psycho-Social Care

  2. Mental Health and Psychosocial Problems Identified among Displaced Populations

  3. Identifying and Assessing Psychosocial Problems and Needs in Diverse Populations Affected by Conflict and Disaster

  4. Services in Humanitarian Emergencies


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